Integrated Program for Bio Medical Waste Management

  • Management of Bio Medical Waste: The different process involved.
  • The Categories of Bio Medical Waste a health institution may deal with and Role of Common Bio Medical
  • Waste Treatment Facility (CBWTF).
  • The machinery required for management and handling of Bio Medical Waste and Role of CBWTF and Health Institutions.
  • Activities involved in Bio Medical Waste Management.
  • Colour Coded Bins and Waste Poly bags and their availability.
  • Common Bio Medical Waste Treatment Facility of Fresh Air.
Management Of Bio Medical Waste: The Different Processes Involved.
1. Segregation and Storage
2. Collection of the Segregated Bio Medical Waste
3. Transportation of the collected Bio Medical Waste from the health care unit to the Treatment and Disposal Site.
4. Treatment and Disposal of Bio medical Waste as per rule and guidelines.
NOTE: COMMON BIO MEDICAL WASTE TREATMENT FACILITY WILL MAKE THE WHOLE SYSTEM SIMPLE AND LESS COMPLICATED SO AS TO ACHIEVE PROPER MANAGEMENT OF BIO MEDICAL WASTE. THE RESPONSIBILITY OF HEALTH INSTITUTION WILL BE ONLY SEGREGATION AND STORAGE.

NOTE: COMMON BIO MEDICAL WASTE TREATMENT FACILITY WILL MAKE THE WHOLE SYSTEM SIMPLE AND LESS COMPLICATED SO AS TO ACHIEVE PROPER MANAGEMENT OF BIO MEDICAL WASTE. THE RESPONSIBILITY OF HEALTH INSTITUTION WILL BE ONLY SEGREGATION AND STORAGE.

The Categories of Bio Medical Waste a health institution may deal with and Role of Common Bio Medical Waste Treatment Facility (CBWTF).
Human Anatomical Waste such as human tissues, organs, body parts.
Animal Wastes.
Microbiology & Biotechnology Waste
Waste sharps such as scalpels, blades, glass, etc. that may cause puncture and cuts. This includes both used and unused sharps.
Wastes comprising of outdated, contaminated and discarded medicines
Items contaminated with blood, and body fluids including cotton, dressings, soiled plaster casts, lines, padding, other material contaminated with body fluids.
Wastes generated from disposable items such as syringes, tubing, catheters, IV sets, plastic bottles, saline sets etc.
Effluent or Liquid waste water.
Incineration ash.
Chemical Waste.

NOTE: THE FACILITY OF FRESH AIR WILL TREAT AND DISPOSE ALL THE CATEGORIES OF BIO MEDICAL WASTE MENTIONED ABOVE.

Sl. No.
Machine
Treatment.
1. Incinerator Human anatomical waste, Soiled wastes like Cotton Bandages, paddings, human body parts, laboratory wastes and Discarded Medicines.
2. Waste Autoclave / Microwave Sterilization of infectious plastic wastes, waste sharps, metal wastes etc.
3. Chemical Treatment Bath Disinfection of infectious plastic wastes, waste sharps, metal wastes etc.
4. Needle Shredder Destroys needles and syringes tips.
5. Plastic Shredder Grinds infectious plastic items.
6. Secured Land Fill Disposal of Incineration Ash.

NOTE: OPTING FOR COMMON BIO MEDICAL WASTE TREATMENT FACILITY, A HEALTH UNIT DOES NOT REQUIRE TO PROCURE THE ITEMS 1,2,3,5 AND 6.

1.
Wastes are segregated at the point of generation with the help of colour coded bins and polythene bags prescribed in the BMW rule 1998.
2.
The segregated wastes kept in a common storage place. The maximum storage time for Bio Medical Wastes is 48 hours.
3.
The weight of respective categories of Bio Medical Wastes will be taken and then lifted on waste carrying van by Fresh Air personnel.
4.
The Bio Medical Wastes are collected in air tight containers as per the norms and transported to the site of the Centralized unit for Bio Medical Waste Disposal following the transportation norms laid down the BMW rule.
5.
The wastes for example human anatomical wastes, laboratory wastes, wastes generated from pathological and research activities and soiled wastes like plasters, bandages etc are incinerated.
6.
Infectious plastic wastes like syringes, IV set, plastic bottles etc. are treated chemically for necessary disinfection, which after that are thoroughly shredded and grinded in order to stop any possibility of illegal recycling of syringes and other plastic items.
7.
The glass and metal sharps are sterilized by autoclaving.
8.
The ash generated during the process of incineration comes in the category of hazardous wastes and therefore these are disposed in secured landfill.
9.
The liquid wastes, including the chemical wastes generated during the process will go to effluent treatment plant for treatment and then released in public drain.

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